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Passive house elements in Hanok
작성자 : 변민서 작성일 : 2021-12-17조회수 : 21

Passive house elements in Hanok.

Passive house elements that respond to natural climate.

 

Eave.

Eave is a name commonly referred to as the part where rafters exit the pillar.

The reason for the deep removal of the eaves is to cool down in the summer and is related to the sun's south middle and high altitude.

In summer, when sunlight is properly blocked and allowed to enter, long lying sunlight should enter the room to warm the house, and in summer, hot sunlight passing high above the roof should not cross the window sill.

 

Outer quarters for men.

It is a living space where the men mainly resides and outside guests are entertained, and is divided into three places according to the season.

 

Ondol room. - It is suitable for living in winter by heating the room by heating the room by laying stones on the floor of the room and setting fire in the furnace.

 

Daecheongmaru. - The floor is away from the ground, so ventilation is possible below it, and it serves as a space for all seasons as a space where part of the outer wall is open or easy to open and close.

 

Numaru. - It is a floor made one floor higher like an attic, and refers to a pavilion-type floor that floats the floor of a building high from the ground to avoid moisture on the ground and provides good ventilation.

It is a space where you can see the beautiful natural scenery and is particularly useful in summer.

The separated space of Sarangchae shows the passive house elements that allowed people to live a life that responds to the four seasons by separating the space according to the season.

 

Door - The south gate is made large and the north gate is made small.

White clay was laid in the front yard to heat up the heat by sunlight, and a garden, that is, a backyard, was placed behind the hanok to cool it down.

When the wind is not blowing, the front yard heats up and forms an upward airflow, and the cool wind in the north speeds up through a narrow window and forms an opposite airflow.

When the wind is not blowing, the front yard heats up and forms an upward airflow, and the cool wind in the north speeds up through a narrow window and forms an opposite airflow. This structure can be seen as having a structure of natural ventilation that allows wind flow throughout the house.

 

Window -

Window is a major factor in heating by accepting sunlight. It may be considered that windows can be vulnerable to cold weather, but various efforts have been made to insulate, such as placing another space between the inside and the outside, installing double windows, and using two layers of windows.

The double window created an air layer between the door and the door, allowing it to serve as air insulation.

 

Scoop.- The windows of hanok are in the form of applying window paper to the door, and windows with deep and dense doors have higher insulation performance than those without them. As air stays in the deep, dense, and thick door, stagnant air is created, serving as a buffer for the temperature difference.

 

Blocking the air. - Air blocking is to prevent gas from passing through at all. There is a gap of 1mm on the wall, and 360g of moisture per 1m per day escapes. At the same time, enormous heat loss occurs through this place. Applying Munpungji to the circumference so that there is no gap between the outside and the inside is an element of blocking the air of hanok. The finishing of plastering on the outer loess wall is also an air-blocking factor, and the direct penetration of outside air was prevented by painting the room with Korean paper to prevent possible gaps.

In addition, the interior warmth was prevented from leaking by dressing it with red clay between the roof rafters to fill the gap and perform airtight work.

 

 

 

Insulation. - Charcoal and mud were stacked under the gudeul to improve warmth, preventing heat from going down and raising it up, thereby improving the warmth of the room. A huge amount of charcoal in the lower part of Haeinsa Temple's Janggyeonggak controls the temperature and humidity of the large plate, which is also a similar example.


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